Equipment for neonatal resuscitation in a middle-income country: a national survey in Vietnam
Interventions to improve neonatal resuscitation are a priority for reducing neonatal mortality. In addition to training programs for health providers, the availability of adequate equipment in all delivery settings is crucial. This study assessed the availability of equipment for neonatal resuscitation in a large sample of delivery rooms in Vietnam, exploring regional differences.
In 2012, a questionnaire on neonatal resuscitation practices the previous year was sent to the heads of 187 health facilities, representing the three levels of hospital-based maternity services in eight administrative regions in Vietnam. The response rate was an 85.7 % (160/187 hospitals).
The survey found that there was a limited availability of equipment considered as “essential” in the centers that responded, specifically stethoscopes, clocks, clothes, and head coverings. The percentage of centers equipped with polyethylene bags, pulse oximeters and room air sources was very low.
Based on the survey responses, adequate equipment for neonatal resuscitation was not available in a considerable proportion of hospitals in Vietnam. Researchers believe that the assessment strategy used in this study could be useful for organizing the procurement and distribution of supplies and equipment in other low- and/or middle-resource settings.